Hallux Valgus also known as Bunyon, is the most frequently occurring deformation of the foot and annoys both aesthetically and practically many women of all ages..
In the early stages of the disease long finger begins to have an inclination to the one next to it and simultaneously at the base of the finger a bump appears that swells with time. Progressively as the bump becomes larger and the finger deforms more, we often observe a finger “riding” the neighbor. If the situation is not corrected, corns and pressure points occur on the sole and / or fingers resulting in local pain, metatarsal pain and difficulty in walking. So the problem, apart from aesthetic, becomes functional, while keeping the patient away from walking, standing and even her favorite shoes.
Causes and Solutions
The etiology of the disease is multifactorial, but the main conditions that affect the appearance and evolution is heredity and the use of narrow shoes. Contrary to what is believed, high heels do not directly affect the bunyon, however, as high-heeled shoes are usually narrow at the front, they are directly related to the problem.
Nighttime splints of the great toe and shoes with wide front and upper part, hard soles and soft bottom may slow the worsening of the deformity, but cannot be the cure. Thus, essentially not providing a solution to the problem, but an important contribution to the relief of pain.
The final remedy is surgery, after surgery the patient is free of the deformity once and for all. Today minimally invasive methods of modern surgery are applied for treatment of this condition, so as to achieve correction with very little discomfort and faster recovery.
The operation is performed under epidural or light general anesthesia (also known as drunkenness) and the patient leaves the hospital only a few hours later.
The choice of surgery is individualized for each case and depends on the characteristics of deformation, that are tested in X-Rays in standing position in order to assess the deformation of the fingers when they need to support all the body weight.
As much as technology has progressed, everyone should treat with caution the surgery and the early postoperative period, so that problems will not arise. The mobilization is immediate after surgery using a special shoe, which is essentially a shoe sandal and is used for approximately four weeks. The return to work takes more or less the same time.