Although shoulder replacement surgery is less frequent than the knee or hip replacement, it is equally successful in alleviating joint pain.
Several medical conditions can cause pain in the shoulder and partial disability, and by consequence lead patients to consider shoulder replacement surgery.
Some of these conditions are:
- Osteoarthritis (degenerative disease)
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Post-traumatic arthritis
Arthroplasty is one of the greatest achievements of orthopedics, and it effectively replaces the worn part of the joint with an implant that is extremely durable and perfectly compatible with the human body. There are three main types of shoulder replacement surgery:
- Total shoulder replacement which means the replacement of the entire joint with an artificial one.
- The hemiarthroplasty: involves replacing part of the joint.
- Reverse total joint replacement, i.e. the total replacement of the joint with a variant of the normal anatomy of the shoulder due to failure and tendon cuff.
Surgical treatment is completed with a rehabilitation program aimed at retraining shoulder girdle so that it can recover the shoulder range of motion and functionality. Time of recovery varies and is proportional to the functional requirements of the patient even though the pain that leads the patient to the procedure subsides almost immediately in the early postoperative period.